Flag of Europe (GIF)

The flag of Europe (French: Drapeau de l'Europe; German: Flagge von Europa; Italian: Bandiera dell'Europa; Spanish: Bandera de Europa), representing the European Union, features a captivating design with a blue background adorned by a circle of twelve golden stars. This emblematic arrangement holds multiple layers of symbolism. As described by the Council of Europe, the stars, set against the blue sky of the Western world, signify the unity of the peoples of Europe within a circular motif, representing a sense of union. The number twelve, considered a symbol of perfection and entirety, reinforces the collective and inclusive nature of the European Union. Beyond this, the five-pointed stars, a common motif on national flags, symbolize aspirations and education. Their golden hue, reminiscent of the sun, signifies glory and enlightenment. Additionally, the circular arrangement is reminiscent of the constellation Corona Borealis, suggesting a crown and the stability of governance. The blue backdrop, reminiscent of the sky, embodies truth and intellect, with a historical nod to the Virgin Mary, often depicted with a circle of twelve stars, reinforcing the rich cultural and historical tapestry woven into the flag's design.

Adopted:9 December 1955 (CoE),
29 June 1985 (EEC)
Designed by:Arsène Heitz,
Paul M. G. Lévy
Flag image:Animated GIF (25 frames looped)
Flag emoji code:🇪🇺

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states located primarily in Europe. Established with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1993, the EU has evolved into a multifaceted entity with a broad range of competencies. At its core, the EU seeks to foster cooperation and integration among its member states in various domains, including the single market, customs union, and a common currency, the Euro, adopted by 19 member countries. The EU operates on principles of democracy, human rights, and the rule of law, striving to create a cohesive political and economic bloc. The European Commission, Parliament, and Council are key institutions shaping EU policies, legislation, and budgets. Over the years, the EU has expanded its influence, addressing issues like climate change, security, and social cohesion. The Schengen Area facilitates passport-free travel, while the Erasmus+ program promotes educational and cultural exchanges. The EU's role as a global actor is emphasized through trade agreements, humanitarian aid, and diplomatic efforts, reflecting its commitment to peace, stability, and shared prosperity. The 27 members consist of the following countries:

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