Flag of Portugal (GIF)

The Portuguese flag is a rectangular flag with a green vertical rectangle on the left and a red square at the same height on the right. There is a simpler Portuguese coat of arms that is vertically centered at the junction of the shapes. The green represents the hope of the people of Portugal, and the red represents the blood of those who died while serving the nation. The height-to-width ratio in the flag is 2:3, and the flag was adopted on June 30, 1911.

The yellow armillary sphere behind the shield in its coat of arms is an ancient astronomical instrument that symbolizes Portugal's role in the European Age of Discoveries. The little blue shields on the white shield symbolized the Moorish kings defeated by King Afonso I. The red border symbolized King Afonso III's connection to the Castilian monarch, and the golden castles represented Moorish castles that were defeated to establish Portuguese independence.

The Portugal flag is waving on a flagpole rising from the world globe.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic, is a country in the Iberian Peninsula, mostly in southwestern Europe. Its capital is Lisbon, and its population is about 10,291,000.

The waving flag of Portugal with its coat of arms (unofficial)

Capital and largest city:Lisbon (pop. 545,000)
Other major cities:Porto (238,000)
Braga (189,000)
Gaia (187,000)
Amadora (175,000)
Official languages:Portuguese
Region:Southern Europe
Ethnic groups:95.3% Portuguese
4.7% Others
Religion:81.0% Roman Catholic
3.3% Other Christians
0.6% Other religion
6.8% No religion
8.3% Undeclared
Demonym:Portuguese, Lusitanian
Area:92,212 km²
(35,603 sq mi)

Keywords: Flag and coat of arms of Portugal (Portuguese: Bandeira e brasão de armas de Portugal), GIF

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