Flag of Andalusia (GIF)

The flag of Andalusia (Spanish: Bandera de Andalucía) is characterized by three horizontal bands in green, white, and green, symbolizing hope and peace. Also, the green hues represent the fertile lands and natural beauty of the region, while the white signifies purity and the aspirations for unity. At the heart of the flag lies the Andalusian coat of arms, which prominently features the mythical Greek hero Heracles, known as Hercules in Latin. Positioned between two columns, Heracles is depicted subduing and taming two lions, symbolizing the triumph over primal instincts. The columns flanking Heracles symbolize the Pillars of Hercules, alluding to the ancient Greek myth of his journey to the ends of the earth. The Spanish inscription "ANDALUCÍA POR SÍ, PARA ESPAÑA Y LA HUMANIDAD" ("Andalusia by itself, for Spain and humanity") underscores the region's commitment to its own identity within the larger Spanish context and its dedication to the betterment of humanity. Additionally, the Latin inscription on the arc, joining the two columns, "DOMINATOR HERCULES FUNDATOR" (Lord Hercules is the Founder), highlights the enduring influence and legacy of this legendary figure. Many of these emblematic elements were derived from the arms of the city of Cádiz, emphasizing the historical and cultural interconnectedness within the region.

Adopted:1918 (1982 on state level)
Flag image:Animated GIF (25 frames looped)

Andalusia, located in the southern region of Spain, is the country's largest and most populous autonomous community, known for its rich cultural heritage and diverse landscapes. With a population of over 8.427 million (2019) residents, it encompasses a vibrant blend of historical influences from the Roman, Moorish, and Christian periods, evident in its architecture, cuisine, and traditions. The capital of Andalusia is Seville, a city renowned for its historical significance, stunning landmarks, and vibrant culture. The region is famous for its iconic landmarks, such as the Alhambra in Granada, the Great Mosque of Córdoba, and the Giralda Tower in Seville, which reflect its deep-rooted history and architectural brilliance. Andalusia's economy is primarily driven by agriculture, tourism, and a burgeoning service sector, with its fertile land contributing to the production of olives, citrus fruits, and other agricultural products. The region's vibrant culture is characterized by flamenco music and dance, bullfighting, and a strong tradition of festivals and celebrations, showcasing the vivacious spirit of its people. The picturesque coastline along the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, along with the stunning Sierra Nevada mountain range, contribute to the appeal of Andalusia as a popular tourist destination.

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