Flag of Scotland (GIF)

The flag of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Bratach na h-Alba), known as the Saltire or St Andrew's Cross, consists of a bold white diagonal cross on a striking blue background. This design traces its origins back to the 9th century and is associated with the legendary martyrdom of Saint Andrew, the patron saint of Scotland, who was crucified on an X-shaped cross, which is said to resemble the shape of the Saltire. The white cross against the blue backdrop is believed to have been derived from a celestial vision witnessed by King Angus II before a crucial battle, interpreted as a divine sign that led to victory. The flag embodies Scotland's deep historical and religious significance, serving as a powerful symbol of national identity, resilience, and unity. Its enduring presence continues to evoke a sense of pride and heritage among the Scottish people, both within the country and across the world.

Adopted:15th century
Flag image:Animated GIF (25 frames looped)
Flag emoji code:🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿

Scotland, a part of the United Kingdom located in the northern part of the island of Great Britain, is renowned for its captivating landscapes, rich history, and vibrant cultural heritage. With a population of over 5.454 million (2019), Scotland boasts a diverse tapestry of attractions, including the rugged Highlands, historic castles such as Edinburgh Castle and Stirling Castle, and the scenic beauty of Loch Ness. The country has made significant contributions to the fields of literature, philosophy, and engineering, with esteemed figures like Robert Burns, David Hume, and James Watt emerging from its intellectual landscape. Its capital city, Edinburgh, renowned for its annual arts festival and stunning architecture, serves as a hub for culture and innovation. Furthermore, Scotland's enduring passion for traditional arts, such as bagpipe music and Highland dancing, serves as a testament to its vibrant cultural legacy. The ongoing pursuit of political autonomy and the preservation of its distinct cultural identity signify Scotland's unwavering commitment to its unique heritage and traditions.

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