Flag of the Basque Country (GIF)

The flag of the Basque Country (Spanish: Bandera del País Vasco [Ikurriña], French: Drapeau du Pays Basque) is a deeply symbolic and historically significant emblem, featuring a white cross overlaid on a green saltire extending to the edges of a red field. The striking red field pays homage to the spirit and identity of the Biscayne people, while the green Saint Andrew's cross, also known as saltire, signifies the "Lege zaharra," or customary law, embodying the region's enduring legal traditions. The green color, which represents the Guernica oak, symbolizes the lush Biscay forests. Above all, the white cross, reminiscent of St. George's cross, stands as a powerful representation of Basque Catholic devotion, uniting spirituality and heritage within this flag. Together, these elements compose a vivid testament to the Basque Country's cultural identity and historical heritage.

Adopted:October 19, 1936
December 18, 1978
Designed by:Luis Arana,
Sabino Arana
Flag image:Animated GIF (25 frames looped)

The Basque Country is an autonomous community located in the northern part of Spain and a small portion of southwestern France. Its capital is Vitoria-Gasteiz, and its population is about 2.178 million (2019). Known for its distinct culture, language (Euskara), and unique history, the region is home to the Basque people. The Basque Country is characterized by its picturesque landscapes, including the Pyrenees Mountains and a stunning coastline along the Bay of Biscay. Bilbao, the largest city, boasts the iconic Guggenheim Museum, showcasing modern art and architecture. San Sebastián, another prominent city, is renowned for its culinary scene. The Basque Country has a strong cultural identity, with a rich tradition of music, dance, and sports like Basque pelota. It also has a unique political system with a degree of autonomy from the Spanish government, including its own police force and education system. The region has historically grappled with separatist movements, with ETA being the most notable, but it has largely shifted toward peaceful coexistence in recent years, fostering its reputation as a unique and culturally rich part of Europe.

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