Flag of North Rhine-Westphalia (GIF)

The waving civil flag of North Rhine-Westphalia (Animated GIF)
The civil flag of North Rhine-Westphalia
(German: Landesflagge)
The flag of North Rhine-Westphalia (German: Flagge Nordrhein-Westfalens) is characterized by its design, consisting of three horizontal stripes in green, white, and red, which are a combination of the provincial colors of the Rhineland (green-white) and the Westphalian flag (white-red). In the center of the state flag (below), there is a coat of arms featuring a shield divided into three sections, each with symbolic significance. The green section on the left contains a wavy white stripe, representing the Rhine River, and symbolizing the Rhineland region. The red section on the right showcases the Saxon horse or Westphalian horse, signifying part of Westphalia within the state. The lower white section displays the Rose of Lippe, serving as the heraldic symbol of House Lippe. This rose represents the state of Lippe, which became part of North Rhine-Westphalia after giving up its independence as a free state following World War II, and officially joining the state on January 21, 1947. The flag's design and its incorporation of regional symbols reflect the rich history, diverse culture, and unity of North Rhine-Westphalia as a state within Germany.

The waving state flag of North Rhine-Westphalia (Animated GIF)
The state flag of North Rhine-Westphalia with
coat of arms (German: Landesdienstflagge)

Proportion:3:5 (or 1:2)
Adopted:1953 (in use from 1948)
Flag image:Animated GIF (25 frames looped)

North Rhine-Westphalia, a diverse state in western Germany, is celebrated for its rich industrial heritage, vibrant cultural scene, and thriving economic sectors. Düsseldorf serves as the state capital, known for its dynamic arts and fashion industry, while Cologne, one of the largest cities, is renowned for its historic cathedral, vibrant carnival celebrations, and cultural landmarks. With a population of over 17.93 million (2019) people, North Rhine-Westphalia stands as the most populous state in Germany, encompassing a mix of bustling urban centers, picturesque towns, and scenic countryside. The state's economy thrives on sectors such as manufacturing, automotive industries, technology, and services, contributing significantly to Germany's overall economic strength. North Rhine-Westphalia's cultural diversity is reflected in its vibrant arts scene, world-class museums, and a wide range of festivals and events that attract visitors from around the world. Moreover, the state's scenic beauty is highlighted by its lush green landscapes, the River Rhine, and the picturesque Eifel and Sauerland regions, making it a favored destination for nature enthusiasts and outdoor adventurers. The state's rich history, economic significance, and cultural vibrancy solidify its position as a dynamic and influential hub within Germany and Europe.

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